Economic hegemony instead of warlike destruction policy?

by Thierry Meyssan, Damascus

Soon new US strategy in Syria?

After two and a half years in power, President Donald Trump is about to impose his views on the Pentagon. The one who put an end to Daesh’s „Sunnistan“ plan is to end the Rumsfeld / Cebrowski doctrine of destroying state structures in the wider Middle East. If it succeeds, peace will return to the region as well as to the Caribbean Basin. However, the peoples who have survived military imperialism will still have to fight for their economic sovereignty.

For two and a half years, the United States has pursued two contradictory and incompatible strategies1.

  • On the one hand, the destruction of state structures in large areas – the enlarged Middle East since 2001, then the Caribbean Basin since 2018 – supported by the Department of Defense (Rumsfeld / Cebrowski doctrine)2;
  • On the other, the control of the world energy market (Trump / Pompeo doctrine), supported by the White House, the CIA and the State Department3.

It seems that President Donald Trump is about to impose his thoughts on his administration, still dominated by officials and military from the Bush and Obama eras, and to announce the consequences on 19 September the 73rd United Nations General Assembly: Peace in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Venezuela and Nicaragua.

Announced during its election campaign in 2016, the transition from a bellicose logic of conquest to another, peaceful, economic hegemony is still not formally decided.
Even once recorded, such a turnaround will not happen in a day. And it will come with a price to pay.
Regarding the current main conflict, Syria, the principles of an agreement have been negotiated between the United States, Iran, Russia and Turkey.

  • We will not touch the borders of the country and we will not create a new state (neither the „Sunnistan“ of Daesh4, nor the “Kurdistan” of the PKK). But the country will be neutralized: the legal military bases of Russia on the Mediterranean coast will be balanced by permanent US posts – for the moment illegal – in the North-East of the country.
  • No pipeline will cross the country, be it Qatari or Iranian. Russia will exploit hydrocarbons, but the United States will have to be associated5.
  • Syrian reconciliation will be allowed in Geneva, when a new constitution is drafted by a representative committee of the various forces to the conflict.
  • US companies will have to participate, directly or indirectly, in the reconstruction of Syria.

The preparatory process for this agreement is still in its infancy. For the past two months, the Syrian Arab Army has been authorised to recapture the al-Qaeda-occupied Idleb governorate6 and the United States has helped by bombing the headquarters of the terrorist organisation7. Then, the United States began dismantling the fortification of pseudo-Kurdistan (“Rojava”)8 while developing those of their own  illegal military bases, including Hassaké. For the moment, the economic part of the plan has not started. The United States has besieged Syria since the fall of 2017 and sanctioned foreign companies – with the exception of the Emirati – who dared to participate in the 61st International Damascus Fair (28 August-6 September 2019).9 The reconstruction of the country remains impossible.
Simultaneously, negotiations between the United States and Venezuela began quietly in the Caribbean Basin in June 2019.10 While Washington still repeats that Nicolás Maduro’s re-election in May 2018 is null and void, there is no longer any mention of denigrating Chavismo or “judging the dictator” among diplomats but one is offering a way out to the “Constitutional President”.11 The United States is prepared to abandon its plans to destroy Venezuela’s state structures if they are involved in oil exploitation and trade.
It will be easy for pseudo-intellectuals to explain that the United States has led all these destabilisations and wars only for oil. But this theory does not take into account what has happened over the last eighteen years. The Pentagon’s mission was to destroy the state structures of these regions. It succeeded in Afghanistan, Libya and Yemen, partly in Iraq but not at all in Syria. It is only now that the oil issue is back on the agenda.
The Trump/Pompeo strategy is a new calamity for the oil regions, but it is infinitely less damaging than that of Rumsfeld/Cebrowski which has devastated the broader Middle East for two decades with its tens of thousands of tortures and hundreds of thousands of murders.    •

(Translation Roger Lagassé and Current Concerns)

1     “The new Grand Strategy of the United States”, by Thierry Meyssan, Translation Pete Kimberley, Zero Hedge (USA) , Voltaire Network, 26 March 2019.
2    The Pentagon’s New Map, Thomas P. M. Barnett, Putnam Publishing Group, 2004. “The US military project for the world”, by Thierry Meyssan, Translation Pete Kimberley, Voltaire Network, 22 August 2017.
3    “Mike Pompeo Address at CERAWeek”, by Mike Pompeo, Voltaire Network, 12 March 2019. “The geopolitics of oil in the Trump era”, by Thierry Meyssan, Translation Pete Kimberley, Voltaire Network, 9 April 2019.
4    ‘Imagining a Remapped Middle East’, Robin Wright, The New York Times Sunday Review, September 28, 2013. ‘Coalition Divided Over Goals’, by Thierry Meyssan, Translation Roger Lagassé, Voltaire Network, 10 November 2014.
5    “Les États-Unis et Israël vont piller le pétrole de la Syrie occupée”, Réseau Voltaire, 16 juillet 2019.
6    “Libération partielle du gouvernorat d’Idleb”, Réseau Voltaire, 21 août 2019.
7    « Les États-Unis bombardent Al-Qaïda à Idleb », Réseau Voltaire, 1er septembre 2019.
8    « Des Kurdes détruisent leurs fortications au „Rojava“ », Réseau Voltaire, 25 août 2019.
9     “Parameters and Principles of UN assistance in Syria”, by Jeffrey D. Feltman, Voltaire Network, 15 October 2017. “Russia denounces the diarchy at the heart of the UNO and the USA”, by Thierry Meyssan, Translation Pete Kimberley, Al-Watan (Syria) , Voltaire Network, 28 August 2018. “Russian comment on the US administration’s attempts to disrupt the Damascus International Fair”, Voltaire Network, 27 August 2019.
10    « Contacts secrets USA-Venezuela », Réseau Voltaire, 21 août 2019.
11    “U.S. Offers Amnesty to Venezuelan Leader, if He Leaves Power”, Lara Jakes & Anatoly Kurmanaev, The New York Times, August 28, 2019.

Source: voltairenet.org from 3 September 2019

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