About responsibilities for the First World War

by Jean-Claude Manifacier,* France

This article, based on a specific example – that of responsibilities in the First World War – addresses the problem of the influence of the fourth estate: The power of the media. Recent surveys in western countries report that nearly 70% of the citizens questioned no longer trust the media. Those who have been demonstrating in the streets in France for months will not be surprised by this result, as it is clear that journalists working in the mainstream TV or print media (belonging to major industrial groups in the CAC 40), are spokespersons largely subject to the world view of their owners and not necessarily to the plight of the man on the street.
    In books published since 2014 – 100 years after the beginning of the First World War – by Gerry Docherty and Jim MacGregor1,2 or Carroll Quigley3,4 , these authors detail the organisation of a plutocratic and globalist aristocracy which, in its desire to control the order of the world, organised the First World War. The cost of this undertaking would be: 16 million deaths, the destruction of an deeply-rooted European civilisation and the pre-eminence of the United States in the affairs of a future unipolar world.

At the end of the 19th century, Great Britain was the dominant world power, with a colonial empire stretching from Canada to New Zealand. Germany overtaking Great Britain in the industrial, commercial and scientific fields became a threat that had to be eliminated.
A “Secret Elite” was created in 1891 in London by Cecil John Rhodes. Its objective would be to ensure Anglo-Saxon domination over the world. This Elite had control and financial power over the gold and diamond mines in South Africa (following the Boer Wars). Its most important members would be, in addition to C. Rhodes: Reginald Balliol Brett (alias Lord Esher), Alfred Milner, William T. Stead and Lord Nathaniel Rothschild. For similar purposes, the Pilgrims’ Society was inaugurated in London in July 1902 and in New York in January 1903. Finally, the Round Table was created by Milner in 1909.
In the United States, the conquest of the West, the uprooting of the Amerindians, the wars against Mexico and Spain would be characteristic of an imperialist political program : “The Manifest Destiny”. Father Josiah Strong’s book “Our Country”, popular at the end of the 19th century, expresses, as for the Elite in England : “A conviction that the Anglo-Saxon people are the superior race that will eventually dominate the world”.
The long-term vision of the “secret elite” would be to build the Anglo-Franco-Russian alliance for a future war against Germany. In this adventure France saw an opportunity to win back Alsace-Lorraine and Russia to obtain a port on the Bosphorus to control navigation and access to the Mediterranean. Germany and Austria-Hungary must be surrounded and vilified.

Frightening cartoons of Germany

The English press, under the influence of the “secret elite”, presented Wilhelm II as contemptuous, unpredictable and bellicose, but no concrete evidence is ever given. Popular novels spoke of spies and of Germany building a fleet to invade England. Behind these allegations was the “secret elite”. The English fleet would remain clearly superior to the German fleet for decades to come, as would English (and French) colonialist activities.
After the war was over, no plan for the invasion of England or the massive construction of battleships was ever uncovered, nor would any Belgian girl be systematically raped or any Belgian child’s hand be amputated. Accounting documents would show that the English maritime armament budget was 2 to 3 times larger than that of Germany. In 1907, in a confidential letter, Admiral Sir John Fisher of the Imperial Defence Commission wrote to King Edward VII: “The British fleet is four times more powerful than the German fleet, but we do not want to display it to the world”.
The books cited above show that the emperor would always favour diplomatic rather than military solutions. This is demonstrated in the Moroccan crisis of Algeciras (1906) and Agadir (Franco-German Treaty of Fez, 1911) where the “Elite” hoped for an opportunity for war. Another example of his diplomatic preference was in the Balkans, where the Kaiser would intervene for a rapprochement with Serbia, fearing a war between Russia and Austria-Hungary.
Wilhelm II, George V and Nicholas II were cousins, grandsons or great grandsons of Queen Victoria. The emperor was very close to his grandmother and held her hand “on her deathbed” in 1901. On 30 July 1914, he sent a telegram to Nicholas II, reminding him that by stopping the mobilisation of Russian troops on the border with Germany and Austria he had the power to avoid WWI. He wrote: “My friendship for you has always been a sacred cause”.
Wilhelm II, emperor since 1888, would also be celebrated for his 25 years of reign in an article in the New York Times as a peacemaker, (NYT, 8 June 1913). Journalist Andrew Carnegie would write: “The civilised world and supporters of peace would like to congratulate you on your jubilee”. That he had never started a war cannot be said of England or the United States.
President Woodrow Wilson, close to the “Elite”, was re-elected in 1916 with the slogan “Wilson keeps us out of the war”. In 1917 he would create the Creel Commission to persuade Americans (pacifist in majority) to go to war. Nephew of Sigmund Freud and from the world of advertising, Edward Bernays would be very active in this commission. He would become the father of the Public Relations Agency that we now call the Com and the Spin Doctors. His book “Propaganda”, (in free version on the Internet), shows that political manipulation in the 20th century was not born from totalitarian regimes, but from the very heart of “American liberal democracy”.
The US press was now unleashed and an article praising Germany, such as the one of the NYT in 1913, would become unthinkable. Indeed, in 1915, the JP Morgan financial empire bought 25 of the most important American daily newspapers and placed its own handpicked editors in order to control the content and editorial philosophy. This “arrangement”, which is still relevant today, aims to remove from the editorial columns anything that is not in line with the interests of which they are the servants. Congressman Oscar Calloway denounced this monopoly in the House of Representatives on 9 February 1917 (U.S. Congressional Record 9 February 1917, page 2947). This policy line would then be structured by JP Morgan and his colleagues Warburg and Rockefeller. The organisation is now known as the Council of Foreign Relations (CFR). It should also be noted that W. Churchill, as soon as war was declared, had the transatlantic cables connecting the central empires to the United States cut, England thus took control of all information for its intended future ally – the US.

The way to war ...

On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were murdered in Sarajevo. At that time, some British newspapers considered that the Austrian requests were justified. Asquith, English Prime Minister, in the intimacy of a letter to his platonic love Venetia Stanley, admitted: “On many, if not most, points, Austria is perfectly in the right and

Serbia is totally in the wrong …”

Later on, however, the ultimatum from Austria-Hungary to Serbia and Wilhelm II’s support for Austria in the case of war were the main “arguments” to put the entire responsibility of war onto Germany and Austria.
During a private dinner on 26 July 1914, given for the emperor’s younger brother, Prince Henry, King George V promised: “We will try to stay out of this, and we will remain neutral”. The emperor naturally valued this promise. It was not a politician’s pitch, “He had the word of a king”. But this was of no use. The wishes of the “secret elite” prevailed: War.

… and the Treaty of Versailles

Five years later, on 28 June 1919, everything was done to humiliate the Germans. At the signing of the “peace treaty”, la Galerie des Glaces du Palais de Versailles, terribly disfigured war veterans (“les gueules cassées”) lined the path of the German signatories. Previously, they had been driven through the destroyed territories: “You are responsible for all this”. The Germans were excluded from peace negotiations, something that has never happened in the history of treaties.
England would obtain the entire German fleet and, along with France and Belgium, the German African colonies. Germany would lose 13% of its territory, including the Danzig corridor, a city of 350,000 inhabitants where more than 96% were German! “The right of peoples to self-determination”, one of the 14 points of the segregationist Wilson doctrine, would obviously not apply to the defeated Germany.

Last reflexions

There are nearly 36,000 municipalities in France. In each one there is a Monument to the Dead of WWI where, following the list of the dead, it is often written: “may France live” or, “may France stay free”. The German threat was a montage of the “Elite” and pages could be filled with bellicose statements made by English or French politicians, leaflets of outrageous propaganda and lies. Current representatives of the Anglo-Saxon Elite could today say: “No media manipulation was so perfectly achieved”. There are many books1-8 telling the truth but they are rarely quoted or referenced because it is the conformist academics who occupy the academic chairs. Perhaps in the future, Europeans will see these monuments dedicated to millions of dead as a condemnation of globalist utopia or unipolar temptations.     •

*    Jean-Claude Manifacier (* 1944) is a French politician and physicist. Until his retirement, he taught at the University of Montpellier. He was a member of the Languedoc-Roussillon Regional Council, and from 1988 to 1997, member of the National University Committee. For more than 20 years, he has participated in various research and teaching programs in the United States, England, Romania, Venezuela, Spain, Israel, Sudan and other countries. In 2018, he and other authors published “Le coup d’État bolchevique. 100 years later”.

1    Gerry Docherty and Jim MacGregor. Occult History, The Secret Origins of the First World War, Mainstream Publishing Company, Edinburgh, 2013
2    Jim MacGregor and Gerry Docherty. 1914–1918, Extending the Agony: How the Anglo-American oligarchy deliberately extended the First World War by three and a half years, volume 1, TRINE DAY LLC USA, 2017
3    Carroll Quigley. Secret History of the Anglo-American Oligarchy, Back to Basics, 2015, The Anglo-American Establishment, New York, Book in Focus, 1981
4    Carroll Quigley. Tragedy and Hope: A history of the World in Our Time, New York, The Macmillan Company, 1966
5    Patrick J. Buchanan. Churchill, Hitler and the Unnecessary War, Three Rivers Press, 2008
6    Nick Kollerstrom. How Britain initiated both world wars, Self-publishing, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, No copyright 2017
7    H. H. Asquith. Letters to Venetia Stanley, compiled by Michael and Eleanor Brock, Oxford University Press, 1982
8    Olivier Reboul. La Rhétorique, Que sais-je? PUF, 1993

Pacifists and warmongers in France and in Great Britain

Joseph Caillaux

The Elite and the Russian ambassador to France, Alexander Isvolski, subsidised a national press that was mainly anti-boche and thirsty for revenge since France’s defeat by the Prussians in 1871. Even though the population wanted to go to war, there was, in France, a large block of pacifist ministers. In March 1914, Henriette Caillaux shot Gaston Calmette, Director of “Le Figaro”, who was slandering her pacifist husband. A few months later, whilst in the army, J. Caillaux declared in 1914, talking of the general staff: “Those who are there know nothing, understand nothing. They don’t know what enemy we’re dealing with, they don’t understand that we’re being launched – by whom? – in a terrible war … How will it end? I wanted to avoid that “. He will be prosecuted for complicity with the enemy after the war!

Jean Jaurès

Jean Jaurès a radical socialist deputy, was assassinated on 31 July 1914 because of his pacifist ideal. Jaurès planned to launch a European general strike to mark the working class opposition to the war. The revengeful pressure was such that on 4 August Léon Jouhaux, Secretary General of the CGT and also a pacifist, distanced himself from Jean Jaurès in his funeral eulogy. There, he called war a crime but an inevitable crime. This is precisely what Jaurès refused; who died for shouting that war could be prevented.8

Winston Churchill

In a letter written to his wife: “My darling, we are approaching a disaster and it makes me happy. It’s horrible to be like that, isn’t it ? For nothing in the world would I want to be out of this delicious war”. Letter from Margot Asquith’s journal (wife of the English Prime minister, January 1916; published by Oxford University Press, June 2014).
Margot Asquith will also write: “What a strange character! He really loves war. He would be very sad if someone told him that the war was over. His heart has no imagination“. (Margot Asquith’s Great War Diaries. ‘Insolent’ Churchill, ‘ignorant’ Kitchener: waspish wartime diaries of Margot Asquith”. The Guardian. June 8, 2014).
Great leader of WWI, Churchill wrote a quarter of a century later in his book: Great Contemporaries, (The Reprint Society, London 1941, p. 28) “History must be more charitable and acquit Wilhelm II of being its plotter and organiser“.

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